CAOS is the generic name for the embedded scripting language used in all of the creatures games. Note that the details of CAOS vary from engine to engine, but all incarnations have some overarching similarities.
CAOS is a register-based language, with a set of opcodes with fixed argument lists. Local variables are not supported. The basic unit of CAOS code is the command which can be injected and executed by the engine. However, CAOS is mostly used in scripts, blocks of code identified by four integers - three identifying the object for which the script applies (0 may be used as a wildcard), and one identifying the event the script triggers on. Those are the backbone of the actual game, declaring the different forms of interactions between the different agents (a term for the programming objects introduced with Creatures 3 - every gadget or even creature in the world is an agent) by defining actions to be taken when certain events happen (from time triggered ones to collisions with other objects or even clicks). Each script may contain subroutines, however as they cannot be shared and do not have local variables, they are little more than a convenience.
CAOS scripts have 100 registers of the form VAxx to use to hold temporary variables. In addition, an object may be selected into the special register TARG, and then 100 attributes of the object may be accessed with registers of the form OVxx. In most cases an object must be selected into TARG before it is acted upon.
Note that while Creatures and Creatures 2 use Byte as number format (0-255) for performance reasons, latter versions of the engine utilize floating point numbers.
CAOS is used to make objects such as COBs or agents, and even controls breeding patterns - there are many tutorials which can help you to learn the CAOS language.
History of CAOS versions
- Creatures 1: Initial incarnation of CAOS.
- Creatures 2: New game engine. CAOS now supports physics.
- Creatures Adventures: New game engine. Support for strings and file I/O is added. CAOS exceptions are much less likely to cause engine crashes.
- Creatures 3: Incremental improvements to Creaures Adventures engine.
- Docking Station: Incremental improvements to Creaures 3 engine. Networking support.